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Evacuation centers serve as temporary shelter for persons displaced from their homes following a disaster. Evacuation facilities vary depending on the location and the degree of damage caused by the event. Office buildings, sports stadiums, churches, residential homes, dormitories and community centers may all be used for emergency shelters. Evacuees are required to share living spaces, bathrooms and kitchen facilities with others and may also be exposed to overly crowded conditions. People exposed to these conditions are vulnerable to outbreaks of infectious diseases. This fact sheet focuses on specific measures that can be taken to prevent the spread of infection inside of an evacuation center.

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